Written by Alex Ortmann, ESLLC 2016-2017
The oceans are one of the most vital resources on the plant. They host hundreds and thousands of different species, which are responsible for 15 percent of the protein’s consumed by the entire world’s population. 40 percent of the world’s entire population lives near the cost, making the oceans a resource, not only for food, but also for the economy. Unfortunately, the years of non-sustainable fishing practices have caught up with the oceans. Many aquatic species and on a decline, with some becoming completely extinct. Take the Chilean Seabass for example, in the 90’s the fish became very popular in the United States causing an increase in demand. Fisheries thus increased the amount of Chilean Seabass they would catch to support the demand. Unfortunately, since most fishing was done in international water, where countries have little influence to enforce laws, boats were able to catch more fish then allowed by law and fish who were smaller then regulation. The result was a dramatic decrease in not only the Chilean Seabass population, but in the fish’s reproduction rates as well. Sadly, this isn’t only the case for the Chilean Seabass, for countless other species of marine wildlife have gone extinct do to human activity.
Fortunately, sustainable steps are being implemented into the fishing industry on a large scale. First, many governments national are stepping up and are passing and enforcing fishing regulations. Furthermore, many people located in local fishing villages are practicing sustainable fishing, by giving certain fish a break, leaving time for them to reproduce. Hopefully sustainable fishing continues to grow so we can help save our planet.